Anatolia, Asia and Europe connecting each other, due to geographical location throughout the history has hosted many civilizations. Hittites, Urartians, Phrygians, Persians, Roman and Byzantine Empire, Seljuk and Ottoman Empire are some of the long-established civilizations that lived in this region. Therefore, from this civilization has many ruins remain today in Turkey. The remains of this civilization and many historical monuments of architecture museum that also has operations in various regions of Turkey.
Now in Anatolia point, so let’s look at some of the museums and archaeological sites in Turkey. In this article, we will examine only a few places that stand out, because if we want to mention them all, this article may not come to an end.
Ancient City of Ephesus – Izmir
The ancient city of Ephesus, which is located in the Selçuk district of Izmir, was one of the 12 cities of Ionia during the Ancient Greek period. Ephesus, which dates back to the 6th century BC, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2015.
According to the legend, Ephesus, which was founded by female warriors, was made entirely of marble. Ephesus, one of the richest port cities of the period, has a philosophy school, library and temple. The ancient city has 2 entrance gates, and a theater with a capacity of 1500 people welcomes visitors upon entering the upper door. In addition, a large theater with a capacity of 24000 people, the Virgin Mary Church and the Library of Celsus are also places to see the ancient city of Ephesus.
Zeugma Mosaic Museum – Gaziantep
Zeugm Mosaic Museum, which is a blessing for art historians and archaeologists, attracts tourists from many regions of the world. The museum, where hundreds of works from the Late Antiquity churches, early Syriac, Roman and Christian iconography, attracts those who see the mosaic of 2500 square meters, 140 square meters of wall painting, 4 Roman fountains, many sarcophagi and architectural pieces. Of course, the world-famous mosaic ası Gypsy Girl n mosaic in the museum we would not exaggerate to say the most rare part.
Sumela Monastery – Trabzon
Sumela Monastery is located in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey (Virgin Mary Monastery), a structure built on steep cliffs breathtaking. This monastery, which was built in the Roman period and inhabited by people until the 19th century, is a magnificent building that must be seen if the Black Sea trip is made.
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations – Ankara
The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, selected as the a Museum of the Year a in Europe in 1997, has an incredible collection of civilizations in Anatolia. Therefore we can say that this is one of Turkey’s most important museum. Starting from the Paleolithic period to all prehistoric periods; We recommend that you devote at least 2 days to the museum of historical monuments belonging to the Assyrian, Hittite, Phrygian and Urartian kingdoms.
Apart from this museum in Ankara, capital of Turkey, Gordion Museum, Roman Baths, Temple of Augustus, Ankara Citadel’s structure deserves to be seen as much more history.
sea in Turkey, sand and sun that comes to mind first one from the city Situated in Antalya, Demre, St. Nicholas Church, located within the borders of Demre ancient city of Simena history lovers of the ancient city a special place to pull itself.
Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archeology – Mugla
The Bodrum Underwater Archeology Museum, which is one of the most important cities of antiquity and is home to many valuable historical monuments, is one of the few underwater museums in the world. The museum is located in Bodrum Castle. It also exhibits the world’s largest Islamic Glass Collection.
Istanbul Archeology Museum – Istanbul
The museum was founded by Osman Hamdi Bey, a painter and a muse, known for his work Yarım The Turtle Trainer bulunuy at the end of the 19th century. Paleolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic; The museum, which has a huge collection including the entire Bronze Age, the Hellenistic period, the Roman and Byzantine periods, also contains many artifacts from the Ottoman Empire.