4 In Turkey, national, and 2 are 6 different festivals, including the religious. National holidays, modern day Turkey represents an important step in the establishment of the Republic, represents the holy days of Islam in religious festivals.
In addition to these festivals, special days such as 8 March International Women’s Day and March 14th Medical Day are celebrated with the initiative of the non-governmental organizations.
We will also examine the important occasions, including national and religious holidays celebrated in Turkey, primarily in this article.
National holidays, days represents an important step in the establishment of the modern Republic of Turkey. Nowadays, state institutions, banks, private companies and educational institutions do holidays. Turkey Grand National Assembly members, political parties, army, bureaucrats and people who will visit the Mausoleum of Ataturk’s tomb on national holidays. Various celebrations are organized in schools. In the evening of national holidays, cocktails are given under the auspices of the President and many politicians, statesmen, bureaucrats, diplomats, artists and citizens are invited to this event. Again during the national holiday weeks, many events are organized under the leadership of the state and civil society.
APRIL 23 – NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY AND CHILDREN’S DAY
Grand National Assembly of Turkey, was established for almost 23 April 1920. The establishment of the Republic of Turkey is a very important date in terms of sovereignty and public administration from the sultan April 23 is also the founder of the republic by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was a gift to children. Ataturk, he takes care of children and love them very much in terms of Turkey’s future. Therefore, it is celebrated as April 23rd National Sovereignty and Children’s Day.
During the week of April 23, many activities are organized for children. It should also be noted that April 23 is the only holiday dedicated to children around the world.
MAY 19 – COMMEMORATION OF ATATÜRK YOUTH AND SPORTS DAY
On May 19, 1919, Mustafa Kemal, an army officer, moved from Istanbul to Samsun. Mustafa Kemal, who went to Samsun as a soldier of the Ottoman Empire, led the national struggle in Anatolia starting from Samsun and organized the people to defeat the foreign soldiers in the country. In other words, today’s Turkey, the first step was taken on 19 May 1919.
Therefore, on the 19th of May, various activities about youth and sports are held throughout the country, commemorating both Atatürk and the two subjects that Atatürk attaches great importance to.
30TH OF AUGUST VICTORY DAY
August 30, 1922 is celebrated as the 30th of August Victory Day due to the winning of the Commander-in-Chief Battle, which determines the outcome of the War of Independence. It is a very special day in terms of clearing the enemy soldiers of Anatolia and registering that it is the home of the Turkish nation.
OCTOBER 29 REPUBLIC DAY
The Republic of Turkey was established October 29, 1923 day. May 19, 1919 Atatürk’s arrival in Samsun, April 23, 1920 Parliament’s establishment August 30th, 1922, the Greek soldiers results progress achieved step by step, such as the removal of Anatolia October 29, 1923 the day has been officially declared the modern State of Turkey, at the end of Turkey The first President of the Republic was Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
October 29 Republic Day in Turkey, Turkey’s representatives abroad and that the Turks enthusiastically celebrated in cities inhabited by foreigners.
Turkey, Islamic for Muslims to be a big part of a secular country nationals Although the holidays are official holidays in Turkey.
FEAST OF RAMADAN
One of the requirements of Islam, fasting is performed in Ramadan. Believers do not eat or drink anything from 5 in the morning until 7 in the morning. It is free to eat and drink in the 8-hour time period between the evening call and the call to prayer. At the end of 30 days, fasting ends and the Ramadan festival begins. During the 3 days of Ramadan, all official and private institutions are holidays.
Visiting relatives and friends during Ramadan, big people’s hands are kissed. It is a special holiday in terms of social solidarity.
Ramadan goes back 10 days each year. For example, the month of Ramadan is between the dates of May 26th – June 24th in 2017 and the period between May 15th – June 14th for 2018. Therefore, Ramadan will be celebrated between 14-17 June 2018.
FEAST OF SACRIFICE
The sacrifice is one of the Islamic obligations. Believers, sacrifice animals such as sheep, goats and cows, they perform their religious duties. Eid al-Adha also goes back 10 years back every year like Ramadan.
During the 4 days of the sacrifice, a relative visit is made to the community and a solidarity and fusion environment is created.
The Eid al-Adha holiday for 2018 is between 20-24 August.
Other Special Days
1 MAY – LABOR AND SOLIDARITY DAY
May 1 in Turkey as well as throughout the world, is celebrated as Labor Day. The workers celebrate Labor Day on May 1, and the trade unions celebrate Labor Day. 1 May was announced as an official holiday in 2009.
JULY 15 – DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOMS DAY
On July 15, 2016, a coup attempt was made by the Fethullahist Terrorist Organization (FETÖ), but this coup attempt was not successful due to the will of the Turkish nation.
Turkey’s Grand National Assembly, even if it’s ugly coup attempt by bombing the Presidential Complex, which has been an official holiday as a day of renewed faith in the democracy and freedom of the Turkish nation.